EV Traction Motors Comparison Data for 7 Major Vehicles ...

2020-10-5 · Teardown survey data showing detailed comparisons of the specifications, cost, weight and size of the traction motors of major electric vehicles. Two drive motors have been newly added to the previous ten. 2020 Tesla Model Y front motor (new …

What is the Economic Cost of Plastic?

2019-6-10 · While education is a big part of understanding the impact of recycling, introducing a bottle deposit scheme could be a practical incentive people need to recycle properly. The Government is currently looking into this idea, noting that countries with …

Traction Motor Design Considerations

2011-6-17 · Traction Motor Design Considerations James L. Kirtley Jr. Massachusetts Institute of Technology 1 Introduction This is a concept paper in response to the FOA entitled ''Rare Earth Alternatives in Critical Technologies

E-Waste Recycling Facts and Figures

2020-1-14 · Electronic waste, or e-waste, refers to any discarded products with a battery or plug.The biggest e-waste categories are small and large appliances and heating/cooling equipment.   If not properly disposed of, e-waste is devastating to the environment, making recycling and recovery programs critical. Items that can be recovered from e-waste to prevent environmental damage include ...

Electric Motor R&D

2014-3-27 · Cost is an over-arching concern • Electric traction motors are on ~3.5% learning curve, power electronics ~7% means 2020 Traction Drive System (TDS) target will not cross $8/kW goal until ~2028 • Instability in rare earth (RE) magnet pricing demands close attention to non-RE motor designs • Inconsistent definition of efficiency •

Electric vehicle recycling in China: Economic and ...

2019-1-1 · Purchasing cost data are obtained through enterprise investigations in China, and recycling and selling cost (cost of sales dealers, products storage and transportation) data are collected from the Green Eco-Manufacturer ELV Recycling company in Fengcheng, Jiangxi province (Pan and Li, 2016). It employs a commonly used dismantling and recycling ...

Politics and the plastic crisis: A review throughout the ...

2019-8-8 · The reuse and recycling of end-of-life plastics is very low, particularly in comparison with other materials such as paper, glass, or metals (Ellen MacArthur Foundation, 2016). The EU is among the top performers but, even so, only 30% of EU …

Storage Cost and Performance Characterization Report

2019-7-25 · The objective of this report is to compare costs and performance parameters of different energy storage technologies. Furthermore, forecasts of cost and performance parameters across each of these ... at $165/kWh and $105/kWh, respectively, give the lowest cost in $/kWh if an E/P ratio of 16 is used inclusive of BOP and C&C costs. PSH is a more ...

How Much Do Locomotives Cost? | Worldwide Rails

2021-9-23 · The main factor in the cost of a locomotive is the prime mover, which is the diesel engine that powers the locomotive. The prime mover alone costs over $70,000, additionally traction motors could cost upwards of $15,000 per motor. If the locomotive …

Recycling lithium-ion batteries from electric vehicles ...

2019-11-6 · So a 60-kWh battery pack at a 50% state of charge and a 75% state of health has a potential 22.5 kWh for end-of-life reclamation, which would power …

Japan''s Recycling: More Efficient than U.S

2007-7-24 · Comparison of Japan to other countries'' recycling materials (Kim, 2004) According to Figure 2, Japan is the most efficient in terms of recycling. Japanese trash pickup is handled very differently than in the U.S. Instead of once a week, it is picked up almost daily. There are three main types of garbage which must be separated completely from ...

Energy and environmental aspects in recycling lithium-ion ...

2020-12-1 · Three recycling methods—pyrometallurgical, hydrometallurgical, and direct recycling processes—are being developed and improved for recycling LIBs. Compared with the former two processes, direct recycling provides the opportunity to avoid energy-intensive refining and reproduction of the cathode materials, which could further reduce the CO 2 ...

COMPARISON OF ELECTRIC MOTORS FOR ELECTRIC …

2019-4-21 · characteristics, efficiency, cost of controller, cost of motor [8]. appl 3. PARAMETERS 3.1 Power-to-Weight Ratio Power-to-weight ratio for electric motors is usually calculated using the peak power of motor. Power-to-weight ratio for an electric motor is obtained by dividing the peak power output of motor in KW by weight of motor in Kg.

Incineration Versus Recycling: In Europe, A Debate Over ...

2013-8-28 · Incineration Versus Recycling: In Europe, A Debate Over Trash. Increasingly common in Europe, municipal "waste-to-energy" incinerators are being touted as a green trash-disposal alternative. But critics contend that these large-scale incinerators tend …

Recycled carbon fiber: Comparing cost and properties ...

2014-11-30 · Alex Edge, sales and business development manager for recycler ELG Carbon Fibre (Coseley, U.K.), says his company''s recycled carbon fiber (RCF) products can offer from 30 to 40 percent cost savings vs. carbon fiber (VCF). Tim …

Electric Car Battery Life, Cost of Replacement, Recycling ...

Remember to always check the type of warranty offered by your chosen electric car manufacturer. Also, the cost of batteries fell about 80% between 2010 and 2016 according to McKinsey, from $1000 to $227/kWh. Therefore, a new 40kWh battery in …

Cost Comparison

2021-9-22 · 2013-2014 Cost Comparison - Recycling vs. Garbage. Cost to recycle one ton of material: $359.21. Cost to landfill one ton of material: $717.11. Recycled Materials. Revenue or Expense. Amount in tons. Cardboard.

Economics and Challenges of Li-Ion Battery Recycling …

2019-7-22 · The cost of idle capacity is a fundamental information for companies and their management of extreme importance in modern production systems. In general, it is defined as unused capacity or production potential and can be measured ... Economics and Challenges of Li-Ion Battery Recycling from End - of-Life Vehicles Darlene Steward*, Ahmad Mayyas ...

The Costs of Recycling

2016-8-3 · The cost of picking up and transporting recyclables can range from $20 to $70 per ton, depending on the length and difficulty of the recycling truck routes, and the budget also has to consider the energy cost of the fossil fuels burned to run these trucks, as well as labor and fuel costs to sort, process, and market the recycled material. [2]

A Review of Battery Life-Cycle Analysis: State of ...

2010-11-11 · battery recycling and a scarcity of associated data, there is a critical need for life-cycle data on battery material recycling. Either on a per kilogram or per watthour - capacity basis, lead-acid batteries have the lowest production energy, carbon dioxide emissions, and criteria pollutant emissions. …

Lifecycle Analysis Comparison of a Battery Electric ...

2017-2-13 · BEV lifetime cost and compare it to the hybrid and CV lifetime costs to conclude which alternative vehicle is the most sustainable for the environment and the economy. 3. Methods We defined our system boundary for this LCA to include all direct inputs and outputs from resource extraction to waste and recycling.

A Critical Review of Lithium-Ion Battery Recycling ...

A secondary lithium-ion battery (LIB) is a rechargeable electrochemical energy storage device. Since their development in the 1970s, and because of their unique characteristics of high energy capacity and long lifespan, LIBs have become important in the field of …

Pros and Cons of Recycling (Benefits & Disadvantages ...

2019-3-7 · In each city, a lifecycle cost/benefit analysis should be done for each type of waste, weighing up the cost/benefits socially, environmentally, economically and so on, for the short and long term. Cities like San Francisco are examples of cities that have …

EV Traction Motors Comparison Data for 7 Major Vehicles ...

Do the Benefits of Recycling Outweigh the Costs?

Evaluation of the Recyclability of Traction Batteries ...

2018-8-15 · As traction battery technologies and electro mobility as a whole continue to grow in importance, the recyclability of batteries has increasingly gained attention in politics, industry and science. The aim of this paper is to broaden the understanding about the recycling of traction batteries by applying the concept of information theory entropy.

Estimated Cost to Build and Open a Recycling Plant in 2021

2021-9-1 · 3. Machines for Recycling: $170,000 – $2,000,000. 4. Technician and Labour: $140,000 – $390,000 (First Year) 1. Land Requirement: $120,000 – $1,000,000. The demand of land depends on what scale your plant will operate. If you choose to operate a small scale recycling plant, then a 50 sq. feet room can also work.

Examining different recycling processes for lithium-ion ...

2019-2-11 · a–d, Medians and 95% confidence intervals for CO 2 e emissions per kg less the CO 2 e offsets from recovered materials (a,c), and net CO 2 e emissions avoided by …

Electronic Waste Disposal

2021-9-15 · Recycling is a practical and beneficial alternative to simply dumping E-Waste. Unfortunately, we are still a long way from being fully efficient with E-Waste recycling. In fact, according to the EPA, only a little over 12% of E-Waste is recycled.

Construction Cost Comparison Between Conventional …

2013-11-5 · 3. Comparison of functionally similar building. Representative but not comparable So, to achieve the best results in order to recognize the best system, the evaluation has to identify these parameters in terms of comparison. 1. Cost Cost of work may be classified as follows [9]: 1. Material costs 2. Labour costs 3. Equipment cost 4. Overhead ...

Do the Benefits of Recycling Outweigh the Costs?

2021-9-1 · 3. Machines for Recycling: $170,000 – $2,000,000. 4. Technician and Labour: $140,000 – $390,000 (First Year) 1. Land Requirement: $120,000 – $1,000,000. The demand of land depends on what scale your plant will operate. If you choose to operate a small scale recycling plant, then a 50 sq. feet room can also work.

Construction Waste Recycling Programs Gain Traction

2018-11-16 · Construction Waste Recycling Programs Gain Traction After a slow start, recycling construction and demolition (C&D) waste is becoming a well-established practice in the green building industry. The trend received a substantial boost from two developments this past September. The first was an announcement by Turner

INVESTIGATION OF RE-USE OPTIONS FOR USED …

2008-8-15 · could be prepared at a reasonable cost by combining the reclaimed materials with a coarse aggregate supplement. Prior to the use of any salvaged traction sand material, federal and state regulations require that the material be approved by the CDPHE. 17. Keywords sedimentation, reclaimed traction sand, recycling, heavy