Glossary of Flaws and Defects

2011-9-19 · Sand Deposit - Small included piece of sand remaining from the manufacturing process. May look like bits of sand or a small stone. Pontil Marks Round Pontil Mark - Circular, slightly rough mark on the bottom of an item, caused by the removal of the item from the glass blowing rod. Found on blown and blown-mold items.

Glossary:Sand free rate

In the context of production, sand free rate is the maximum production flow rate that a weakly consolidated pay zone will produce without producing sand.

Heavy Oil Production

James G. Speight PhD, DSc, in Oil Sand Production Processes, 2013 4.2.1 Cold Heavy-Oil Production with Sand. CHOPS is used as a production approach in unconsolidated sandstones. The process results in the development of high-permeability channels (wormholes) in the adjacent low-cohesive-strength sands, facilitating the flow of oil foam that is caused by solution gas drive.

Glossary of Mining Terms

2017-10-14 · Glossary of Mining Terms . A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z. A. Acidic precipitation - Snow and rain that have a low pH, caused by sulphur dioxide ...

Production Wellhead Sand Detection & Control

2018-8-6 · Production Wellhead Sand Detection & Control Sand pulled from the reservoir is a major threat and limiting factor to the operator ability to ensure maximum uninterrupted production. Offshore operators using a data-driven approach to maintenance and control, experience 36% less


2014-2-21 · Sand is "Vacuum-packed" around pattern halves. The pattern is removed and metal is poured into the cavity. The vacuum is released and the casting is removed Ounces up to 150 lbs. ±.010" to 1" then add ±.002"/inch. Add ±.020" across parting line 125-150 RMS 1/2 to zero degrees.125" All $3000 to $30000 Samples: 3 to 6 weeks Production: 3 to 6 ...

Steel Glossary | Glossary of Terms | Platts

See levelling. Terne plate. This is a thin lead/tin alloy coating applied to sheet steel for corrosion protection. The coating is typically alloyed in the ratio of about 80-90% lead to 10-20% tin with traces of antimony, the tin being present to ensure that the coating bonds effectively to the steel substrate.

Bottle Glossary Page

2021-6-6 · BOTTLE MORPHOLOGICAL TERMS. Before the moving into the main part of the Glossary, it is useful to have a quick overview of the basic physical features - or morphology - of a typical bottle.A somewhat stylized, "typical" bottle is illustrated on the following page: General Bottle Morphology.Most of the "parts" of a bottle are easier to visualize than describe.

Sand Mining Recommendations

2018-2-16 · 4 Acronym Full Form MoEFCC Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change MoM Ministry of Mines MP Mining Plan/ Mine Plan MP Madhya Pradesh MPSMC Madhya Pradesh State Mining Corporation M-sand Manufactured Sand MSS Mining Surveillance System NA Information Not Available NAC National Academy of Construction NCCBM National Council for Cement & Building …

Erosion of material (sand production) in an oil wellbore

2016-9-21 · The sand in the oil causes erosion in the piping system and its components such as chokes and pipe bends, increasing the costs of operating the well. Excessive sand production is, therefore, undesirable and will limit oil recovery rates. A typical measure of these limits on recovery rates is the so-called "sandfree rate."

Sand control

2020-12-19 · The consequences of sand production are often detrimental to the short-long-term productivity of the well. Although some wells routinely experience manageable sand production, these are the exception rather than the rule. Sand production and its management over the life of the well is not an attractive situation but is often necessary to ...

Oil sands glossary |

2020-4-25 · A well that is drilled to penetrate an oil sands deposit for the purpose of evaluating the deposit or bringing it into production. Once-through steam generator. A unit that vaporizes water. Water is pushed through tubes that are in contact with a heat source, such as natural gas-fired burners.

Glossary of Geography Terms and Definitions

Arid: Arid is a climatic condition characterized by extreme dryness. Arroyo: Arroyo is defined as a dry creek/brook, which fills up only after a heavy spell of rain. Atmosphere: Atmosphere is a very popular geography term. It is defined as an envelope of air, gases, …

Sand production: A smart control framework for risk ...

2020-3-1 · Sand production is worldwide problem. It always has significant consequences on field development. Sand production from unconsolidated formation reservoir is a very challenging issue as it ends the production life of a reservoir and well. In the oil and gas industry, millions of dollars are spent yearly for the cleaning of sand.

Sand Casting Process

S. Otarawanna, A.K. Dahle, in Fundamentals of Aluminium Metallurgy, 2011 6.6.5 The Cosworth process. The Cosworth process is a precision sand casting process was developed in 1978 initially for manufacturing aluminium alloy castings to be used in the Cosworth engine. The mould making method is similar to conventional sand casting, but zircon sand is used instead of silica sand.

Produced Water: Oil and Gas Terminology Glossary

Produced water is water that comes out of the well with the crude oil during crude oil production. Produced water contains soluble and non-soluble oil/organics, suspended solids, dissolved solids, and various chemicals used in the production process. The ratio of produced water to oil varies from well to well and over the life of the well.


Official Energy Statistics from the U.S. Government. H. H: Hundred h: hundredth Half-life: The time it takes for an isotope to lose half of its radioactivity. Halogen lamp: A type of incandescent lamp that lasts much longer and is more efficient than the common incandescent lamp.The lamp uses a halogen gas, usually iodine or bromine, that causes the evaporating tungsten to be redeposited on ...

sand | Oilfield Glossary

sand. 1. n. [Geology] A detrital grain between 0.0625 mm and 2 mm in diameter. Sand is larger than silt but smaller than a granule according to the Udden- Wentworth scale. Sand is also a term used for quartz grains or for sandstone. See: arenaceous, detrital, fairway, pay, point bar, quartz, sandstone, tar sand, Udden-Wentworth scale.


Hydraulic fracturing: A process that stimulates or increases production and ultimate recovery from a well by pumping a fluid and a proppant (sand or similar material) at high pressure into a well to create fractures in the reservoir that the proppant holds open. Hydraulic fracturing increases the surface of the formation available for oil and ...

11.19.1 Sand And Gravel Processing

2015-9-10 · Emissions from the production of sand and gravel consist primarily of particulate matter (PM) and particulate matter less than 10 micrometers (PM-10) in aerodynamic diameter, which are emitted by many operations at sand and gravel processing plants, such as conveying, screening, crushing, and storing operations.

Glossary | Sekurit

2021-9-2 · (DIN 52348 et ISO 7991). For this diagonal impact abrasion test, 3kg of sand with a 0.5/0.71mm particle size are trickled onto the surface to be tested, which is inclined at 45 y from a height of 1600mm. Measurement of wear is the reduced luminous density (according to DIN 4646 part 2).

Estimating Maximum Sand-Free Production Rates From …

Oil or gas can be produced from a friable sand without benefit of sand control. If we have sonic and density log data and know the permeability of the formation, the fluid viscosity, formation volume factor, and number of perforations, we can estimate with a simple equation the maximum possible sand-free production rate. possible sand-free production rate.

sand production | Oilfield Glossary

sand production. 1. n. [Well Completions] The migration of formation sand caused by the flow of reservoir fluids. The production of sand is generally undesirable since it can restrict productivity, erode completion components, impede wellbore access, interfere with the operation of downhole equipment, and present significant disposal difficulties.

Glossary:Sand production

Sand production: A smart control framework for risk ...

Glossary:Sand production

Glossary:Sand production. Free grains of sand pulled loose by flow, brittle failure, or formation disaggregation and produced with the hydrocarbon production.

Investigation of sand production prediction shortcomings ...

Sand production often leads to equipment damage and significant losses. This is usually studied by experimental and numerical methods. This study first gives a brief overview of the methods used to predict sand production in terms of experimental tests, numerical simulation, and field data.

Comparison Between AMPCP and SRP in a Shaly-Sand …

2014-12-8 · Sand production is considered one of the major problems that would affect the economical value of any EOR project. The produced sand will start to accumulate in the wellbore till it kills the Well. This is done by increasing the pressure drop (both frictional and hydrostatic) in the borehole to a point where no more fluid can be produced.

Sand Production Management: The Critical Challenge in ...

2016-5-15 · Sand production continues to be a major challenge in many producing oil and gas assets worldwide. It can choke off production, reduce hydrocarbon recovery, eliminate the integrity of production facilities, and possibly cause disastrous facility failures and harm to personnel and

Oil and Gas Glossary and Definitions

2020-12-21 · This Glossary and Definitions is an additional resource to accompany the ... or the environment as per Part 5 of the Drilling and Production Regulation. ... gravel, rock, sand or soil used in the construction or maintenance of oil and gas infrastructure, but not sourced from a borrow pit.

Glossary | Oil & Gas Industry Terms & Defintions | CAPP

However, ''oil sands'' is now used most often to describe the naturally occurring bitumen deposits. This helps distinguish it from the other terms, which are associated with distilled or man-made products, such as the mixtures used to pave roads. Oil sands is an accurate term because bitumen, a heavy petroleum product is mixed with the sand.